MOUNTAIN LEADER

RESOURCES

BITS AND BOBS YOU MIGHT FIND USEFUL

This is a page full of helpful information to support you to gain your Mountain Leader Award. Do pop back regularly as I will add new information and interesting links that I find. 

NAVIGATION - THE FIVE D'S

DANGER

After interpreting the map correctly and identifying and hazards, you can then choose an appropriate strategy

DIRECTION

Set your map and / or take a compass bearing (guess the angle first) - these two should point you in the same direction

description

Interpret the map to identify what you will pass and tick off on route

distance

Measure the distance between the two points 

DURATION

Use time or pacings

Try to avoid navigation without building in a back up;

for example guess the bearing between two points prior to using compass

Use of the 5 D's is very relevant in bad visibility, but obviously in good vis, you may not need to use them all,

pick and choose appropriate techniques when you require them.

Have a hierarchy of what you’re using to navigate by in the mountains, for example: contours, water features, man made features. Do not include crags / rocks in this hierarchy if you’re using an OS map!

CORE KIT FOR YOUR LEADER PACK

MOBILE PHONE

GROUP SHELTER

GPS

HEAD TORCH

FIRST AID KIT

HAZARDS OF STEEP GROUND

IDENTIFY THE HAZARD

complete a dynamic risk assessment - whats the risk and consequence?

either 

  • Verbally mention it / coach them through it

  • Physically position yourself in a place to protect the group

  • Offer psychical assistance (non-rope)

  • and then

  • Collect your group in a safe place

 

USING THE ROPE

When choosing an anchor consider the 3 S's

SIZE - Big is best 

SOLID - It doesn't move / vibrate (visually check it, tap it and then kick it)

SHAPE - The rope doesn't "ride up it

 

If required select an appropriate rope system

DIRECT

(walkers weight goes directly to the anchor)

anchor must be big, bombproof and the rope moves around it easily. This is quick and efficient

INDIRECT

(walkers weight goes through you prior to the anchor)

 

WITH CONFIDENCE ROPING

  • always be above them

  • keep the rope tight

  • feet across the slope is more effective than toes pointing down hill

  • prepare to stop a slip with every step

ADVICE

​I've written a number articles about the assessment process along with a few folk who have competed the Mountain Leader with me. Follow this link to read them .....listed under 'Get Qualified' and under 'New Skills' are some top tips how to approach navigating in poor visibility..

SUGGESTED READING

NAVIGATION

The Official Handbook of the Mountain Training Walking Schemes

This is a major reference book for every walker as well as for those who wish to lead groups in the UK and Ireland.

 

 

AN INTRODUCTION TO GPS

Stephen Hayes is one of the best providers of GPS teaching in the UK

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The Definitive Guide for Hill Walkers, Mountaineers & Leaders - the Official Navigation Book for All Mountain Leader Training Schemes. This is the definitive and comprehensive 'how to navigate' textbook.

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WEATHER

This is by far the easiest weather book to understand and its a great place to start...

THE CLOUD BOOK

The  Met Office have produced the Cloud Book which follows a logical progression from low clouds to the high stratus clouds, and on to special clouds.

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A KEY TO CLOUDS

Featuring large colour photographs of the major forms of cumulus, cirrus and stratus clouds, it's an ideal alternative to a book

Alan Watts has enabled the reader to read the sky, pick up the clues, and predict what
the weather will do with this simple book.

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OTHER BOOKS

Mike Raine has produced the first complete field guide for the mountains of Snowdonia through the seasons, its  plants, animals and rocks. Everything you’re likely to see in the hills at that time of year is here in one volume.

FIELD STUIDES COUNCIL LEAFLETS

These are a fantastic resource with a huge variety to tips covered

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This book explains to the hillwalker, in easy to understand but accurate terms, how geology has shaped the landscape of Snowdonia. A selection of thirteen guided walks are used to illustrate this in terms of what can be seen on the ground.

This is an exciting full colour pocket guide, "Understanding Welsh Place Names: What They Mean and How to Say Them",

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BRITISH MOUNTAINEERING COUNCIL PUBLICATIONS

Minimal impact advice for walking groups of any size

WALKING FOR ALL

Disability awareness in walking

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This booklet contains essential information on the mountain environment and how BMC members can do their best to care for the fragile upland landscape.

This visually attractive and clearly written guide is for parents and others who have little knowledge of climbing, hill walking or mountaineering.

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GUIDANCE NOTES FOR TRAINERS & ASSESSORS

Download Mountain Training's guidance notes for trainers and assessors!

REMOTE SUPERVISION

Guidance A level of indirect supervision which allows a group to undertake an independent journey upland landscape.

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MOUNTAIN TRAINING

 PUBLICATIONS

MOUNTAIN LEADER SKILLS

Mountain Leader skills checklist

A set of guidelines which is useful for anyone with a responsibility for climbing, walking and mountaineering related activities

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INTRODUCTION TO MOUNTAIN LEADER

PDF presentation from ML Training 

WEATHER

PDF presentation from ML Training 

LEGAL RESPONSIBILITIES OF A LEADER

PDF presentation from ML Training 

USEFUL APPS

MET OFFICE

VIEWRANGER

OS LOCATE

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MOUNTAIN FLORA AND FAUNA

iGEOLOGY

iNATURALIST

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RECOMMENDED WEBSITES

NATIONAL 

ORGANISATIONS 

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WEATHER

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NAVIGATION

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OTHER

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